Medical screening tests assess your current health status and provide the opportunity to identify any potential health risks before they become problematic. As we age, the odds of developing certain diseases/conditions increase irrespective of lifestyle choices. The recommendations below are provided for men who do not currently have any health conditions and are otherwise healthy. If you already have a health condition, testing may need to be done more regularly in line with your doctor’s recommendations.
- Prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test: The levels of this enzyme increase when the prostate gland is infected, enlarged or cancerous. Men of African descent have a higher risk of having prostate problems so testing should be done regularly. Men should have an annual PSA test from the age of 40.
- Testosterone screening: If symptoms such as low sex drive, erectile dysfunction, fatigue and depression exist, consult with your physician.
- Colorectal screening: This is done to check for growths (polyps) that can progress into cancer if not detected early. This is should be done every 3–4 years in men aged over 50.
- Blood pressure: High blood pressure presents no symptoms but it can cause severe damage to the organs of the body if it spirals out of control. All adults should have their blood pressure levels measured annually.
- Testicle checks: Feel your testicles every month to check for lumps. You should do this your self every month to detect any changes as quickly as possible.
- Cholesterol screening: This is especially important for those who already have diabetes, or heart disease. Men over age 35 should do this every five years. Younger men with risk factors such being overweight or obese should get tested more frequently in line with their doctor’s recommendations.